Conventions on Recognition of Higher Qualifications (As of Jan 2021)

Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education

Background

Since the 1970’s, UNESCO facilitated the development 6 regional conventions on the recognition of higher education qualifications with a view to promoting right to education, academic mobility, and international understanding. The first Asia-Pacific Convention was adopted in 1983 in Bangkok, Thailand as the 「Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific」, which has 21 State Parties to date. The revised Asia-Pacific Convention was adopted in 2011 in Tokyo, Japan as the 「Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education」.

Entry into Force

「Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education」 entered into force on 1st February 2018 following the expiration of the period of one month after five UNESCO Member States of the Asia-Pacific region - Australia (July 2014), China (July 2014), New Zealand (Aug 2017), Japan (Dec 2017), Republic of Korea (Dec 2017) - have expressed their consent to be bound by this Convention.

States Parties

States Parties
States Date of deposit of instrument Type of instrument
1 Australia 17 Jul 2014 Ratification
2 China 17 Jul 2014 Approval
3 New Zealand 1 Aug 2017 Accession
4 Japan 6 Dec 2017 Accession
5 Republic of Korea 19 Dec 2017 Ratification
6 Holy See 18 Jul 2018 Ratification
7 Mongolia 19 Mar 2019 Approval
8 Turkey 3 Apr 2019 Accession
9 Fiji 27 Aug 2020 Accession
10 Russian Federation 27 Nov 2020 Accession
11 Afghanistan 7 Dec 2020 Accession

(Source: UNESCO Conventions, UNESCO Bangkok)

Global Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education

Background

As the number of students choosing to study in a country outside of their region has continued to grow, 「Global Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education」 was adopted in November 2019 by the 40th session of UNESCO the General Conference. This convention will become a global normative instrument on recognition that can complement the regional conventions.

Entry into Force

「Global Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education」 will enter into force three months after the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession, but only with regard to those States Parties which have deposited their respective instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession on or before that date.

States Parties

States Parties
States Date of deposit of instrument Type of instrument
Norway 8 Jun 2020 Approval
Nicaragua 1 Oct 2020 Ratification

(Source: UNESCO 40 C/31)